Pesky insect destroys foliage, changes landscape but damage not permanent

By Jenna Cisneros, U.S. Army Garrison West Point PAO and Mike Nuckols, West Point Natural Resources Environmental Management Division Chief Date: Friday, May 31, 2024 Time: 17:13 EST
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𝐈𝐦𝐩𝐨𝐫𝐭𝐚𝐧𝐭 ð€ð§ð§ð¨ð®ð§ðœðžð¦ðžð§ð­ ðŸð¨ð« ð­ð¡ðž ð–𝐞𝐬𝐭 ðð¨ð¢ð§ð­ ð‚𝐨𝐦𝐦𝐮𝐧𝐢𝐭𝐲

Many residents have expressed concern about the appearance of invasive caterpillars, commonly known as the Spongy Moth, on trees in the West Point neighborhoods. As such, we believe it imperative to provide you with pertinent information regarding these occurrences. Below are answers to questions provided by Mike Nuckols, West Point Natural Resources Environmental Management Division Chief.

Q: ð‘¾ð’‰ð’‚𝒕 ð’Šð’” ð‘ºð’‘𝒐𝒏𝒈𝒚 ð‘´ð’ð’•ð’‰?

A: Formerly known as Gypsy Moth, Spongy Moth (Lymantria dispar) is an invasive moth from Europe that attacks forests throughout the Northeast. Moths lay hundreds of eggs which emerge as fuzzy caterpillars in late Spring. 

These creatures disperse by climbing to the top of trees or ballooning from tree to tree on silk threads carried by the wind. Once in the canopy, the caterpillars will feed for five or six weeks at which point they pupate into moths. Introduced in 1869, the pest has naturalized in our forests, meaning they will always be around. Populations tend to spike in numbers roughly every 10-15 years and then crash the following year. Outbreaks are ended by natural causes such as predators and disease.

Q: ð‘¾ð’‰ð’‚𝒕 ð’Šð’” ð‘¾ð’†ð’”𝒕 ð‘·ð’ð’Šð’ð’• ð’…𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒈 ð’•ð’ ð’‰ð’†ð’ð’‘ ð’Žð’Šð’•ð’Šð’ˆð’‚𝒕𝒆 ð’•ð’‰ð’† ð’Šð’”𝒔𝒖𝒆:  

A: We are currently following U.S. Forest Service and Cornell University recommendations for addressing this pest. Our Natural Resources staff is monitoring the outbreak, to include evaluating long-term impacts to trees in both the urban forest and natural areas. While a nuisance to residents, we anticipate no long-term damage to our trees. 

Q: ð‘¯ð’ð’˜ ð’„𝒂𝒏 ð‘°ð’‰ð’†ð’ð’‘?

A: If you find them now, you can scrape them off trees or buildings and drop them into a container of detergent to prevent the eggs from hatching. Removing their egg masses is not a cure for Spongy Moth infestations, but it is a small step you can take to help protect trees and foliage in your neighborhood.

Q: ð‘ºð’•ð’†ð’‘𝒔 ð’•ð’ ð’•ð’‚𝒌𝒆 ð’Šð’‡ ð’šð’ð’– ð’ð’“ ð’‚ ð’ð’ð’—𝒆𝒅 ð’ð’ð’† ð’„𝒐𝒎𝒆𝒔 ð’Šð’ ð’„𝒐𝒏𝒕𝒂𝒄𝒕 ð’˜ð’Šð’•ð’‰ ð‘ºð’‘𝒐𝒏𝒈𝒚 ð‘´ð’ð’•ð’‰?

A: It's advisable to wear gloves when handling spongy moth caterpillars. These caterpillars possess tiny hairs (setae) that contain histamines, which can trigger an itchy, red rash in some individuals. 

Avoid touching caterpillars bare-handed; use disposable gloves, forceps, or other tools, which are recommended to knock caterpillars into a container of soapy water. Setae can remain on clothing, so fabric gloves or clothes that have contacted Spongy Moths should be washed separately. If skin irritation occurs, consult a physician for advice on topical medications to relieve irritation.

Q: ð‘¾ð’Šð’ð’ ð‘ºð’‘𝒐𝒏𝒈𝒚 ð‘´ð’ð’•ð’‰ ð’…𝒆𝒔𝒕𝒓𝒐𝒚 ð’ð’–𝒓 ð’•ð’“𝒆𝒆𝒔?

A: Spongy Moth caterpillars prefer oaks, apples, birches, poplars and willows, but they will feed on many other deciduous and evergreen trees as well. A healthy tree can withstand some defoliation, so finding Spongy Moths on your property is serious but not necessarily the end for affected trees. We’d like to reassure the community that our trees will recover, and the population will crash as viruses and fungi begin spreading in the population.

𝐅𝐨𝐫 ðŸð®ð«ð­ð¡ðžð« ð¢ð§ð¬ð¢ð ð¡ð­ð¬ ð¢ð§ð­ð¨ ð­ð¡ðž ð’𝐩𝐨𝐧𝐠𝐲 ðŒð¨ð­ð¡ ðšð§ð ðžðŸðŸðžðœð­ð¢ð¯ðž ð¦ðšð§ðšð ðžð¦ðžð§ð­ ð¬ð­ð«ðšð­ðžð ð¢ðžð¬, ð°ðž ðžð§ðœð¨ð®ð«ðšð ðž ð²ð¨ð® ð­ð¨ ðžð±ð©ð¥ð¨ð«ðž ð­ð¡ðž ðŸð¨ð¥ð¥ð¨ð°ð¢ð§ð  ð«ðžð¬ð¨ð®ð«ðœðžð¬:

To see more photos of what Spongy Moths look like, click here: https://cals.cornell.edu/new-york-state-integrated-pest-management/outreach-education/whats-bugging-you/spongy-moth?fbclid=IwZXh0bgNhZW0CMTAAAR1JFY8Iu_H5d0Xy7zsdKZ_NR9QHyt2Q8drJN1w6Y_l9jZ_VrFKC3GV2PUI_aem_AYYi4ZXXU8SMRfP3KW3NaetokxhncVWVJq-6dsIJCE4Hnhwcqccms7hNMtOMPRUPhE8_3wy3Cz4HQbI2DIo416qj

To learn more about Spongy Moths and what you can do throughout the year, click here: https://www.dec.ny.gov/animals/83118.html.