Dr. Jason Warner is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Social Sciences at the United States Military Academy in West Point, New York, and an Associate in the Combating Terrorism Center (CTC), also at the United States Military Academy, where he directs the organization’s Africa research activities. His research focuses on terrorism and security in Africa (especially the activities of the Islamic State and al-Qaeda in Africa, and suicide bombing) and African international relations (especially foreign policymaking and international organizations). Dr. Warner is the co-author of The Islamic State in Africa: Emergence, Evolution, and Future (Hurst 2019, with Ryan Cummings) and co-editor of African Foreign Policies in International Institutions (Palgrave-Macmillan 2018, with Timothy Shaw). He has published in academic journals including Security Studies, Foreign Policy Analysis, African Security, Small Wars and Insurgencies, The Journal of Modern African Studies, The Journal of Human Security, and CTC Sentinel, among others. He is also the co-author of two Combating Terrorism Center reports on the demographic and operational profiles of Boko Haram and al-Shabaab’s suicide bombers. His work has been cited in various international outlets, including the BBC, CNN, The Economist, The New York Times, Newsweek, and The Washington Post, among many others. Dr. Warner holds a Ph.D. in African Studies from Harvard University; an M.A. in Government from Harvard University; an M.A. in African Studies from Yale University; and a B.A. with highest honors in International Studies from UNC-Chapel Hill.
Ongoing Research Projects
My research currently centers around three main research efforts:
1. The Islamic State in Africa: Along with Ryan Cummings, I am working on a book tentatively titled, The Islamic State in Africa: Emergence, Evolution, and Future (Hurst, 2019). We ask: How did an Iraq and Syria-based insurgency (the Islamic State) so quickly gain so many adherents around the African continent - from Nigeria to Egypt to Somalia to the Sahara to Libya and beyond - in such a relatively short time? How has the Islamic State’s presence in Africa evolved over time? How do its African affiliate “cells” compare to one another, especially regarding their tendencies towards violence, governance, and media production? Finally, given the territorial contraction of the Islamic State Central in Iraq and Syria, what might be the future of the Islamic State on the African continent?
2. Suicide Bombings in Africa: Along with Ellen Chapin (Ph.D. student at Stanford in political science), I am working on various projects related to understanding the emergence and diffusion of suicide bombing throughout Sub-Saharan Africa. In particular, we seek to answer: How and why has the adoption and use of suicide bombing among major African jihadists groups around the continent varied in the ways that we observe?
3. The Islamic States and its Global Affiliates: Along with Dr. Daniel Milton and Dr. Amira Jadoon (Department of Social Sciences at West Point), I am in the beginning stages of a project that asks: Why did the Islamic State’s various affiliate cells around the world — from Afghanistan to Pakistan, Nigeria to Libya, the Caucuses to Somalia, and beyond — vary so drastically in their capacity to undertake the sorts of activities — violence, governance, and media production — that was vaunted by their parent, the Islamic State Central?
Publications & Presentations
Warner, Jason, and Ryan Cummings. The Islamic State in Africa: Emergence, Evolution and Future. London, UK: Hurst, 2019.
Warner, Jason, and Timothy Shaw. (eds). African Foreign Policies in International Institutions. New York, NY: Palgrave-Macmillan, 2018.
Warner, Jason. “U.S. National Security Interests in Africa.” In American National Security, edited by Michael J. Meese, Suzanne C. Nielsen, and Rachel M. Sondheimer. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2018.
Warner, Jason. “African Foreign Policies and International Organizations: The View from the 21st Century.” In African Foreign Policies in International Institutions, edited by Jason Warner and Tim Shaw, 1-15. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018.
Warner, Jason. “Beyond the Collective: Comparative Strategic Utility of the African Union and the RECs in Pursuing Individual National Security Foreign Policy Goals.” In African Foreign Policies in International Institutions, edited by Jason Warner and Tim Shaw, 63-77. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018.
Warner, Jason. “The African Union and Article 4(h): Understanding Changing Norms of Sovereignty and Intervention in Africa Through an Integrated Levels of Analysis Approach.” In Democracy, Constitutionalism, and Politics in Africa: Historical Context, Developments, and Dilemmas, edited by Eunice Sahle, 167-203. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017.
Gallo, Carol, and Jason Warner. “Iran-Africa Relations: The Troubled Bridge of Third World Speech.” In The Handbook of Africa’s International Relations, edited by Tim Murithi, 397 – 407. Oxford, UK: Routledge Press, 2013.
Academic Journal Articles
Warner, Jason, Ellen Chapin, and Hilary Matfess, “Suicide Squads: The Logic of Linked Suicide Bombings,” Security Studies, 28 no. 1 (Fall 2018): 28-57, https://doi.org/10.1080/09636412.2018.1508632.
Warner, Jason, and Peter Volberding, “The Uniqueness of Uranium: The Challenges of Statecraft in Niger,” The Journal of Extractive Industries and Society, 5 no. 3 (2018): 294-301. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.exis.2018.03.007.
Warner, Jason, “Nigerian Foreign Policy and Illusory Hegemony in Foreign and Security Policy Making: Pax-Nigeriana and The Case of Boko Haram,” Foreign Policy Analysis, 13 no 3. (July 2017): 638-661, https://doi.org/10.1093/fpa/orw051.
Warner, Jason and Kai Thaler, “Dynamique et diversité des armées africaines: État des connaissances” [“Dynamics and Diversity of African Armies: The State of Knowledge”], Afrique Contemporaine, 4 no. 260. (2016): 27 – 44. https://www.cairn.info/revue-afrique-contemporaine-2016-4-page-27.htm
Warner, Jason, "Complements or Competitors?: The African Standby Force, the African Capacity for Immediate Response to Crises, and the Future of Rapid Reaction Forces in Africa,” African Security, 8 no. 1. (2015): 56 – 73. https://doi.org/10.1080/19392206.2015.998543
Warner, Jason, “Eritrea’s Military Un-professionalism and U.S. Security Assistance in the Horn of Africa,” Small Wars and Insurgencies, 24 no 2. (2013): 696 – 711. https://doi.org/10.1080/09592318.2013.857940.
Warner, Jason, “Human Security and the Double Jump: A Critical Analysis of Electronic Waste in Ghana,” Journal of Human Security, 8 no. 1 (2012): 4 – 23.
Warner, Jason. “Cybercrime in Ghana: A View from Below,” International Journal of Cyber Criminology. 5 no. 2 (2011): 736 – 749, https://www.cybercrimejournal.com/warner2011ijcc.pdf.
Chapin, Ellen, Jason Warner, and Caleb Weiss, The Suicide Bombers of al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb. West Point, NY: Combating Terrorism Center, 2019. TBD.
Warner, Jason and Ellen Chapin. Targeted Terror: The Suicide Bombers of al-Shabaab. West Point, NY: Combating Terrorism Center, 2018. https://ctc.usma.edu/targeted-terror-suicide-bombers-al-shabaab/.
Warner, Jason and Hilary Matfess. Exploding Stereotypes: The Unexpected Operational and Demographic Profile of Boko Haram’s Suicide Bombers. West Point, NY: Combating Terrorism Center, 2017. https://ctc.usma.edu/report-exploding-stereotypes-the-unexpected-operat….
Warner, Jason and Peter Volberding. “China and Uranium: Comparative Possibilities for Agency in Statecraft in Niger and Namibia.” Washington, DC: China Africa Research Initiative Working Paper. 11. 2017. https://static1.squarespace.com/static/5652847de4b033f56d2bdc29/t/58dc7….
Policy Journal Contributions
Warner, Jason, and Charlotte Hulme. “The Islamic State in Africa: Estimating Fighter Numbers Across the Continent,” CTC Sentinel, 11 no. 7 (August 2018): 21-28. https://ctc.usma.edu/islamic-state-africa-estimating-fighter-numbers-ce….
Warner, Jason and Caleb Weiss, “A Legitimate Challenger? Assessing the Rivalry Between al-Shabaab and the Islamic State in Somalia,” CTC Sentinel, 10 no. 10 (November 2017): 27-32. https://ctc.usma.edu/a-legitimate-challenger-assessing-the-rivalry-betw….
Warner, Jason, “Sub-Saharan Africa’s Three “New” Islamic State Affiliates,” CTC Sentinel, 10 no. 1 (January 2017): 28-32. https://ctc.usma.edu/sub-saharan-africas-three-new-islamic-state-affili….
Major Media Interviews:
ABC News; Aera (Japan); AFP; The Atlantic; BBC; The Boston Globe; Buzzfeed; Chicago Tribune; Christian Science Monitor; Council on Foreign Relations; CNN; Daily Beast; Daily Mail; Defense One Radio; The Economist; Elle (UK); Foreign Affairs; The International Herald Tribune; La Vanguardia (Spain); Los Angeles Times; Mail and Guardian; Newsweek; The New York Times; NPR; Politico; Radio France Internationale (RFI) (France); Real Defense One; Reuters; Sanlian Lifeweek (三联周刊) (China); United Nations Security Council; U.S. News and World Report; Voice of America (VOA); Vox; Wall Street Journal; Washington Post
Baca, Michael and Jason Warner, “After Boko Haram: How to Rebuild Nigeria,” Foreign Affairs, April 1, 2015, http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/143540/jason-warner-and-michael-….
Warner, Jason, “What to Expect from the African Union Summit,” Council on Foreign Relations, January 28, 2015, http://blogs.cfr.org/campbell/2015/01/28/what-to-expect-from-the-africa….
Warner, Jason and Jacob Zenn, “After Kidnappings, Nigeria Must Step Up,” The Boston Globe, May 15, 2014, http://www.bostonglobe.com/opinion/2014/05/15/boko-haram-kidnappings-ni….
Warner, Jason, “The US ignores Africa at its own peril,” The Boston Globe (Reprinted in the International Herald Tribune), June 25, 2013, http://www.bostonglobe.com/opinion/2013/06/24/the-ignores-africa-its-ow….
Kelly, Catherine, and Jason Warner “Why the U.S. Military Should Care About African Opposition Parties,” Council on Foreign Relations, March 27, 2013, http://blogs.cfr.org/campbell/2013/03/27/why-the-u-s-military-should-ca….
Gallo, Carol, and Jason Warner, “Why 2012 was a watershed year for African women,” UN Dispatch, January 23, 2013, http://www.undispatch.com/why-2012-was-a-watershed-year-for-african-wom….
Warner, Jason, “Who are Seleka?” CNN’s Global Public Square, January 17, 2013, http://globalpublicsquare.blogs.cnn.com/2013/01/17/who-are-seleka/.
Kaya, Karen, and Jason Warner, “Turkey’s Love Affair with Somalia,” Council on Foreign Relations, November 7, 2012, http://blogs.cfr.org/campbell/2012/11/07/turkeys-love-affair-with-somal….
Warner, Jason, “What Would Romney Win Mean for Africa?” CNN’s Global Public Square, November 2, 2012, http://globalpublicsquare.blogs.cnn.com/2012/11/01/what-would-romney-wi….
Lambert, Michael, and Jason Warner, “Who is Ansar Dine?” CNN’s Global Public Square, August 14, 2012, http://globalpublicsquare.blogs.cnn.com/2012/08/14/who-are-ansar-dine/.
Ramaiah, Gabrielle, and Jason Warner, “Four Ways Social Media Could Change African Conflict,” CNN’s Global Public Square, July 16, 2012, http://globalpublicsquare.blogs.cnn.com/2012/07/16/fours-ways-social-me…
Warner, Jason, “Waiting to Be Somebody in Somaliland,” Yale Journal of International Affairs, 7(1): 115 – 116: http://yalejournal.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/Op-ed-Jason-Warner.pdf
Warner, Jason, “How Africa Plays Into Iran’s Nuclear Ambitions,” CNN’s Global Public Square, January 17 2012, http://globalpublicsquare.blogs.cnn.com/2012/01/17/how-africa-plays-int….
Warner, Jason “Iran’s Troubled Foray into Africa,”CNN’s Global Public Square, October 12 2011, http://globalpublicsquare.blogs.cnn.com/2011/10/12/irans-troubled-foray….
Warner, Jason, “Neo-Imperialism and the Anti-Security Blanket: Adding Nuance to the Debate on AFRICOM,” Yale Journal of International Affairs. 6 (1): 105 – 107. http://yalejournal.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/03/116116warner.pdf
Selected Conference Presentations:
(2018) “The Future of the Islamic State in Africa,” for members of the U.S. intelligence community. (Washington, DC). May.
(2018) “The Rise of Terrorism and the Future of Peace Support Operations in Africa,” for participants at joint U.S. Government-University of Stellenbosch conference on African terrorism. (Stellenbosch, South Africa). May.
(2018) “Exploding Stereotypes: Explaining the Gendered Dimensions of Boko Haram’s Suicide Terror,” public lecture at UNC-Chapel Hill. (Chapel Hill, NC). March.
(2017) “The Operational and Demographic Innovations of Boko Haram’s Suicide Bombers,” New York University, Society for Terrorism Research. (New York). August.
(2017) “U.S. National Security Interests in Sub-Saharan Africa,” Institut de Recherche Stratégique l’École Militaire (IRSEM) (Paris). March.
(2017) “U.S. National Security Interests in Sub-Saharan Africa,” Sciences Po. (Paris). March.
(2016) “The African Union’s Role in Crisis Management,” Atlantic Council, for “Stability Operations: 2020 and Beyond.” (Washington DC). October.
(2016) “The African Union as a Security Actor,” U.S. State Department, for incoming U.S. Ambassador to the African Union. (Washington, DC). July.