Dr. Ericka Rovira

Dr. Ericka Rovira

Professor of Engineering Psychology



Ericka Rovira, Ph. D. is a tenured Professor of Engineering Psychology in the Department of Behavioral Sciences and Leadership at United States Military Academy, West Point, NY. Her research investigates human autonomy teaming in high-risk complex environments. Dr. Rovira brings expertise in human robotic interaction, trust, and autonomous decision support tools. She has contributed extensively to the study of reliability and trust in technology in uncertain environments. Her interest lies in understanding how to improve trust and reliance in human autonomous teams and the role of individual differences in cognition in trust development. Dr. Rovira has successfully attracted funding by various Department of Defense and government agencies (e.g., ONR, ARL, NRL, CERDEC, Mitre, & Minerva). Notably, Dr. Rovira has most recently been awarded a Multi University Research Initiative grant for the next 5 years to study human autonomous teaming ($7.5 Million, 7 collaborators). Dr. Rovira has held various leadership positions ranging from immediate past Program Director for the Engineering Psychology Program at West Point to Founder and Director of the Excel Scholars Program (an honors program which increases the number of historically underrepresented cadets that compete and win graduate fellowships), and Lab Director for 9 research labs. Last Dr. Rovira is a Fellow and Past President of the American Psychological Association’s Division 21: Applied Experimental and Engineering Psychology Division.

Ongoing Research Projects

1. Professor Rovira is currently working on a new ONR MURI called HUDDLE: Human Autonomy Teaming in Uncertain and Dynamic Environments. The project will develop and demonstrate theoretical foundations, models, and principles to facilitate the design of effective human robot teams. HUDDLE is transdisciplinary, and will draw on fields including robotics, AI, cognitive science, organizational psychology, and human factors. The overall goal of the research effort is to investigate successful human-robot teaming through research in trust evolution, team cohesion, and human robotic interaction with embodied robots.

2. Professor Rovira is engaged in a series of projects investigating trust repair with autonomous systems.

3. Professor Rovira is working in collaboration with Army scientists to investigate the requirements of quadrupedal robots for dismounted soldiers.

Publications & Presentations


Pak., R., de Visser, E., Rovira, E. (Eds.). (2020). Living with Robots: Everyday Interactions. Elsevier Books.


Peer-Reviewed Publications

Boyce, M.W., Thomson, R.H., Cartwright, J.K., Feltner, D.T., Stainrod, C.R., Flynn, J., Ackermann, C., Emezie, J., Amburn, C.R. and Rovira, E. (2022). Enhancing Military Training Using Extended Reality: A Study of Military Tactics Comprehension. Front. Virtual Real. 3:754627. doi: 10.3389/frvir.2022.754627

Lakhmani, S. G., Neubauer, C., Krausman, A., Fitzhugh, S. M., Berg, S. K., Wright, J. L., Rovira, E., Blackman, J., & Schaefer, K. E. (2022). Cohesion in human–autonomy teams: an approach for future research. Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science, 1-38. https://doi.org/10.1080/1463922X.2022.2033876

Pyke, A., Rovira, E., Murray, S., Pritts, J., Carp, C., & Thomson, R. (2021). Predicting individual differences to cyber attacks: Knowledge, arousal, emotional and trust responses. Cyberpsychology: Journal of Psychosocial Research on Cyberspace, 15(4), Article 9. https://doi.org/10.5817/CP2021-4-9

Pak, R., Crumley-Branyon, J.J., de Visser, E. J., & Rovira, E. (2020) Factors that affect younger and older adults’ causal attributions of robot behaviour, Ergonomics, 63:4, 421-439, DOI: 10.1080/00140139.2020.1734242

Munion, A.K., Stefanucci, J.K., Rovira, E., Squire, P., & Hendricks, M. (2019). Gender differences in spatial navigation: Characterizing wayfinding behaviors. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. Doi: 10.3758/s13423-019-01659-w

Foroughi, C. K., Sibley, C., Brown, N. L., Rovira, E., Pak, R., Coyne, J. T. (2019). Detecting automation failures in a simulated supervisory control environment. Ergonomics, 62,1150-1161. https://doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2019.1629639

Rovira, E., McLaughlin, A.C., Pak, R., & High, L. (2019). Looking for age differences in self-driving vehicles: Examining the effects of automation reliability, driving risk, and physical impairment on trust. Frontiers Psychology, 10, 800. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00800

Pak, R., Rovira, E., McLaughlin, A. C., & Leidheiser, W. (2017). Evaluating attitudes and experience with emerging technology in cadets and civilian undergraduates. Military Psychology, http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/mil0000175

Pak, R., McLaughlin, A. C., Leidheiser, W., & Rovira, E. (2016). The effect of individual differences in working memory in older adults on performance with different degrees of automated technology. Ergonomics. doi:10.1080/00140139.2016.1189599

Rovira, E., Pak, R., McLaughlin, A. (2016). Effects of individual differences in working memory on performance and trust with various degrees of automation. Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science. doi:10.1080/1463922X.2016.1252806

Pak, R., Rovira, E., McLaughlin, A. C., & Baldwin, N. (2016). Does the Domain of Technology Impact User Trust? Investigating trust in automation across different consumer-oriented domains in young adults, military, and older adults. Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science. DOI: 10.1080/1463922X.2016.1175523

Rovira, E., Mackey, R., Clark, N., Squire, P., Hendricks, M., Pulido, A., and Greenwood, P. M. (2016). A role for attention during wilderness navigation: Comparing effects of BDNF, KIBRA, and CHRNA4. Neuropsychology DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/neu0000277

Ploran, E., Rovira, E., Thompson, J., Parasuraman, R. (2015). Underlying spatial skills to support navigation through large, unconstrained environments. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 29, 608-613.