Photo of LTC Becker in front of US flag

LTC Jordan Becker

Director, SOSH Research Lab

Assistant Professor of International Affairs


Lieutenant Colonel Jordan Becker is an Assistant Professor of International Relations at the United States Military Academy in West Point, New York, where he teaches courses in international security, international relations, and comparative politics in the Department of Social Sciences.  Additionally, he serves as Director of the Social Sciences Research Lab.  Jordan’s research focuses on the political economy of security, European politics, and transatlantic security.  He has published articles on transatlantic burden-sharing, the political economy of European security, and China-Europe-US strategic interactions.  LTC Becker holds a Ph.D. in war studies from King’s College London and Master’s Degrees from Sciences Po and Columbia University.  He is also a research fellow at the Brussels School of Governance, and the Ecole Militaire and Sciences Po in Paris.  Visit Jordan’s google scholar and research gate profiles.  

Ongoing Research Projects

  1. Wales Pledge 

  • Why do states sign onto “pledges?” 
  • The framework of vulnerability and “abatement costs” from Sprinz and Vaathoranta 
  • Independent Variable: Threat, 2%-milburden+arms exports 
  • Dependent Variable: Rank (sequence) in Wales Pledge agreement 
  • Survey and interviews summer 22 
  1. Does ideology affect burden-sharing? 

  • Dependent variable: military burden 
  • Independent variable: ideal point similarity 
  1. Does populist politics affect strategy? 

  • Dependent variable: Content analysis generated variable on populism in national party manifestoes and defense strategies  
  • Independent variable: various measures of populist vote/seat share 
  1. Does populist politics affect order/alignment? 

  • Dependent variable: UNGA alignment 
  • Independent variable: various measures of populist vote/seat share 
  1. Do countries react to increased threats and/or threat perception by intensifying cooperation? 

  • Dependent variable: Exercises (Kyle Wolfley), DCA density (network analysis) 
  • Independent variable: Automated content analysis generated variable measuring threat perception and/or material threat variable (Russia, China, Terrorism) 
  1. Does domestic defense industry affect the relationship between defense spending and economic growth? (Build on Becker & Dunne)  

  • Dependent variable: GDP growth 
  • Independent variable: Industry weight x milex (personnel, equipment, operating, infrastructure) 
  1. Does domestic defense industry affect the relationship between defense spending and unemployment? 

  • Dependent variable: unemployment 
  • Independent variable: Industry weight x milex (personnel, equipment, operating, infrastructure) 
  1. Does allies’ defense spending affect how the US engages them over trade imbalances? 

  • Dependent variable: protectionist attacks1 
  • Independent variable: trade balance with US x defense spending (aggregate and disaggregated)  
  1. Does engagement in international trade/the global economy affect support for the existing international order? 

  • Dependent variable(s): UNGA alignment, Atlanticism, milex? 
  • Independent variable: trade volume (various WB measures)2 
  1. What are the drivers of acquisition and retention of language skills in the Army? 

  • Dependent Variable: DLPT scores, particularly durability of scores (i.e. how long a 3/3 remains a 3/3) 
  • Independent variable(s): Payment list, payment receipt, source of acquisition, MOS, rank, age 
  1. Do countries with higher tax rates spend more on personnel? 

  • Dependent variable: personnel spending as share of gdp and military budgets 
  • Independent variable: income and other tax rates 

Publications & Presentations

Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles 

Becker, Jordan. “Burden-Sharing, Geopolitics, and Strategy in NATO’s Black Sea Littoral States.” Southeast European and Black Sea Studies, first view (2021).

Becker, Jordan. "Rusty Guns and Buttery Soldiers: The Effect of Unemployment on Personnel Expenditures among NATO and EU Member States." European Political Science Review, 13, no. 3 (2021).  

Desmaele, Linde, Luis Simon and Jordan Becker. “Sino-American Competition and the Future of America’s European Strategy.” Strategic Studies Quarterly, 15, no. 1 (2021): 90-115.  

Becker, Jordan. “Transatlantic Security and European Autonomy—a Political Economy of Security Perspective.” Revue Defense Nationale, 832, no. 7 (2020), 27-33. 

Becker, Jordan and Robert Bell. “Defense planning in the Fog of Peace: The Transatlantic Community’s Currency Conversion Conundrum.” European Security, 29, no. 2 (2020): 125-148.  

Becker, Jordan. “Accidental Rivals? EU Fiscal Rules, NATO, and Transatlantic Burden-Sharing.” Journal of Peace Research, 56, no. 5 (2019): 697-713. 

Becker, Jordan, and Edmund Malesky. "The Continent or the “Grand Large”? Strategic Culture and Operational Burden-Sharing in NATO." International Studies Quarterly 61, no. 1 (2017): 163-180.  

Becker, Jordan. “Comments on Benjamin Zyla’s “NATO Burden Sharing: A new Research Agenda.” Journal of International Organizations Studies 8, no. 2 (2017): 69-77. 

Becker, Jordan. "The correlates of transatlantic burden sharing: revising the agenda for theoretical and policy analysis." Defense & Security Analysis 33, no. 2 (2017): 131-157. 

Becker, Jordan. “Strategic Culture and Burden Sharing in NATO: False Friends?” INSS Research Papers. 2012. 

Becker, Jordan. “Transatlantic Burden Sharing and Out of Area Operations: Afghanistan in the Context of Historic Trends.” Chicago Policy Review (Volume 15, Summer 2011): 47-67. 

Working Papers 

Becker, Jordan and J. Paul Dunne. “Military Spending Composition and Economic Growth.”  (Revise and Resubmit, Defence and Peace Economics) 

Becker, Jordan, Sarah Kreps, Paul Poast, and Rochelle Kreps. “Transatlantic Shakedown: Does Presidential “Naming and Shaming” Affect NATO Burden Sharing?” (Presented at Politicologenetmaal 2019 and available in draft form at SSRN

Becker, Jordan. “Authoritarian Populism and Burden Sharing in the Transatlantic Community.” (Under Review) 

Becker, Jordan. “Arms Without Influence? Spatial Distribution of Defense Industrial Activity, Transatlantic Burden Sharing, and Strategy.” (Under Review and available in draft form at SSRN

Becker, Jordan. “Strategy, Defense Planning, and the Political Economy of Burden-Sharing in the Nordic States.” (Under Review and available in draft form at SSRN

Book Chapters 

Becker, Jordan. 2014. "Offshoring or Overbalancing? A Preliminary Empirical Analysis of the Effect of U.S. Troop Presence on the Political Behavior of Regional Partners." In American Grand Strategy and the Future of U.S. Land Power, by Joseph Da Silva, Hugh Liebert and Isaiah Wilson, 261-286. Carlisle: U.S. Army War College Press. 

Becker, Jordan. 2014. "Whither Europe: Economic Crisis and the Future of NATO." In Thinking Beyond Boundaries: Transnational Challenges to U.S. Foreign Policy, by Hugh Liebert, John Griswold and Isaiah Wilson, 115-124. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. 

Review Articles 

Becker, Jordan. "Divided Armies: Inequality and Battlefield Performance in Modern War." International Affairs, 97, no. 2 (2021), 573-575.  

Becker, Jordan. “The Do-It-Yourself Movement Goes Global: Why Democratizing States Prefer to Make Their Own International Organizations.” International Studies Review, first view (2020).  

Becker, Jordan. “Arguing about Alliances: the Art of Agreement in Military Pact Negotiations.” Defence Studies, 20, no.2 (2020), 182-184.  

Becker, Jordan. “Only the Dead: the Persistence of War in the Modern Age.” Defence Studies, 20, no.1 (2020): 101-103.  

Becker, Jordan. “Cultural backlash: Trump, Brexit, and authoritarian populism.”  International Affairs, 95, no. 5 (2019): 1168-1169. 

Becker, Jordan. “The Handbook of European Defence Policies & Armed Forces.” Defence Studies 19, no. 3 (2019): 334-335. 

Becker, Jordan. “Absorbing the blow: populist parties and their impact on parties and party systems.” International Affairs 95, no.3 (2019): 718-719. 

Becker, Jordan. 2018. “Populism and Global Affairs.” Global Affairs 5, no. 1: 89-96. 

Becker, Jordan. 2016. "National Security Cultures: Patterns of Global Governance." Defence Studies 16, no. 1: 94-96. 

Becker, Jordan. 2016. "Understanding NATO in the 21st Century: Alliance Strategies, Security and Global Governance." Defence Studies 16, no. 1: 92-94. 

Other Publications 

Becker, Jordan. 2020. “Preparing for War in the Fog of Peace: the Transatlantic Case.” War on the Rocks. 

Becker, Jordan. 2017. “Transatlantic Burden-Sharing: Origins and Strategic Implications.” Defence In Depth. 

Becker, Jordan. 2017. "Clearing the Air on Transatlantic Burden Sharing (parts onetwo and three)." War on the Rocks.  

Becker, Jordan. 2011. "Beyond Trade: Establishing a European Presence in Asia (Atlantic Memo #36)." The Atlantic Community, November 25. 

Becker, Jordan. 2011. "U.S. Pivot Rests on Power, Not Weakness, of Europe." The Atlantic Community, November 16. 

Becker, Jordan.2012. "Mitigating NATO's Invisible Risk." The New Atlanticist, March 10. 

Becker, Jordan.2014. "NATO and Ukraine: Walking Familiar Ground." War on the Rocks, May 14. 

Becker, Jordan, and Edmund Malesky. 2016. "Yes, NATO is sharing the defense burden. Here's what we found." The Washington Post/Monkey Cage, December 9. 

Becker, Jordan, and Franklin Kramer. 2012. "Saving NATO." The National Interest, May 9. 

Becker, Jordan, and Stanley Sloan. 2013. "Atlanticism's Revenge?" War on the Rocks, December 11.